Consultations on post-millennium goals in Montenegro
Consultations on post-millennium goals in Montenegro included interviews with over 2000 respondents from different parts of Montenegro. The sample included all categories of population so that attitudes and opinions of as many different women and men could be collected. Based on frequency of their responses, one can identify several prominent concerns based on which priorities about the future should be set:
- Economy, unemployment and income. This topic dominated all the responses. People are very worried about the state of economy and are complaining about job prospects.
- Fighting crime, corruption and nepotism. These three problems were also quite frequent in respondentsâ€™ comments. They believe that very efficient fight against corruption and nepotism is the solution for many problems in the country. Even regional development. The third most prominent concern of people (especially those living in the north of the country) is distribution of resources. They believe that the northern and rural parts of the country are forgotten and that people living there have much less opportunities than others.
- Health. People in Montenegro are quite concerned about health insurance, accessibility and quality of medical care. They are complaining that they lack medical care for the reasons of lack of hospitals, medicaments and quality of service provided by current health insurance system.
- Equality. Problem of equality in many forms came up very often. People are especially concerned about growing gap between the rich and the poor, but this is not the only aspect of inequality that they speak about. Their concerns include gender inequality (and violence against women), discrimination of minorities, treatment of homosexuals and people with disabilities.
- Environment. A lot of people are concerned about protection of environment in Montenegro. They complain that their quality of life is being endangered by pollution and that natural resources are not being utilized in a sustainable manner.
- Building infrastructure. People are complaining about basic infrastructure â€“ roads, water supply systems, electricity supply systems, housing, etc. However, infrastructure is being mentioned also as potential for economic development (tourism, agriculture and industry).
- Education. This topic appears in several ways. Most prominent is concern about the future of young people in Montenegro. Apart from that, people are worried about accessibility and quality of education.
- Values. In many responses people expressed their concerned about rapid change of values. There are a lot of specific values that they mention, but most prominent are solidarity, family values, tolerance, respect for others, non-discrimination.
Following part of the research aimed at identifying groups of people that live particularly bad in our society and reasons for that. Poor people were by far the most identified group, with 77% of respondents stating them as a group that lives particularly hard.
The responses related to who is responsible for the growing or reducing inequality are organized in two groups: main "culprits" for the respondents who thing that the inequality is growing, and main "culprits" for the respondents who think that the inequality is being reduced. When looking at growing inequality, the majority of population blames the government (78%) and the politicians (66%) as being responsible for this. Next in line, but with a much lower frequency are the rich, who are blamed by 45%, 33% think it is the fault of municipalities, while 30% blame both leaders and individuals as not doing their part.